Candle tunneling happens when a ring of wax collects on the edge of the candle, refuses to melt, and hence become less usable. However, the tunneling results in a hole in the wick of the candle. This totally depends on the type of candle that includes tea lights, votive, jar candles, and pillars.
There are several reasons that lead to candle tunneling, such as; incorrect first burn of the candle, failing to burn the candle throughout, and using the wrong wick number, which depends on the thickness.
It is important to avoid candle tunneling as the candle will always appear awkward and unattractive. It also becomes hard to relight the candle when the flame goes off. Additionally, it is costly since much of the wax goes to waste. Furthermore, the candle tunneling burns up to a certain point, where the wax at the edge of the candle collapses and falls over the wick hence drowning it. This, however, renders the candle less important. This can, however, be prevented through; proper lighting up at first burn, keeping the candle away from the wind, burning the candle for a longer time, placing the candle on a flat surface, double wicking large candles
However, there are various ways a candle tunneling can be fixed, as explained below;
1. Using a candle topper
A candle topper is fixed on the candle jar to keep it warmer. This is essential as it helps the candle wax to melt fully. This happens as it creates more warmth by reflecting the heat. It is, however, made from a metal, which makes it efficient to be used severally. The candle topper is highly preferred as it can be used on any type of candle.
2. Using aluminum foil
The candle jar is wrapped around with the foil for the purpose of reflecting the heat from the flame. This makes it more powerful, resulting in more burning of the wax. The foil is, however, removed once the entire wax has melted. Moreover, it is important to fix the foil before the candle tunnels far down.
3. Use of a candle warmer
A candle warmer evenly melts all the wax across. This eventually happens when the lamp is placed on top of the candle. It is essential to those who do not like open flames, and it is also perfect for fewer wick candles.
4. Using an oil burner
An oil burner is used when there are no more wicks to burn the wax. A tea light is lighted below the oil burner, and then the wax from the candle is placed on the recipient above. The wax lights and releases the scent once the flame of the tea light hits it up.
5. Using a hairdryer
When the candles tend to have mild tunneling, its top is blasted with hot air from the dryer. The uneven wax is smoothened by the hot temperature, which in turn resets the wax memory by melting the top. Once the top is melted, the excess wax is scooped out. This also prevents future candle tunneling.
6. Fixing short wick problem
In the case where tunneling is caused by a short wick, the wax is manipulated for a better burn. Excess wax is removed by melting the whole surface of the candle using a heat gun. Double wicking of large candles is also necessary. Moreover, an even surface is eventually achieved, which extends the wick leading to evenly melting of the wax.
7. Removing excess wax
Excess wax on top of the wick can be removed by the use of a knife. The wax should be removed until there is a balance on the candle. The removed wax can be used in making new candles.
8. Popping in baking sheets
The candle is placed on a cookie sheet and popped in the oven for few minutes. The time it lasts depends on the size of the candle. Smaller candles take little time, while larger candles take more time. You should keep watch once you turn the oven light on to avoid it getting too warm.
9. Use of a tin foil
Tinfoil is placed around the candle vessel and left open at the top. The vessel hits up once the candle is lit, hence making the wax on the sides loosen up. The tinfoil is later removed when the candle has been extinguished and cooled down.
10. Scrapping excess dry wax
Scrap the raised areas of wax easily out of the candle and ensure it levels up basically. Once the leveling has been attained, burn the candle until the whole surface is melted to prevent further tunneling.
11. Use of hurricanes
The candle is left to burn in a hurricane for a few hours. The hurricane helps melt the excess wax by keeping heat around the candle. This is essential as it decreases the chances of tunneling.
12. Use of electric candle warmer
Electric candle warmers are made for the purpose of warming wax melts, candles, and cubes hence realizing the scent quickly. The wax that is placed above in a container is melted by a small bulb contained in the electric candle warmer.
13. How to burn the candle perfectly
First, candles need to be well maintained. Candles in jars should be closed in between use. This is important as they are able to maintain their scent. Secondly, it is necessary to trim the candles wick. A long wick burns strongly, creating a lot of smoke and soot. The final step is to light up the candle and let it burn. While burning, you should ensure it is burning to the edge. It is important to consider where to place the candle when burning it. A draft-free room is more considerable in burning the candle evenly to avoid tunneling.
Candle tunneling is a result of the poor burning of candle wax to the edge of the candle. Watching its wick number, increasing its burning time, and watching its environment is essential in preventing candle tunneling. However, it is easy to avoid and fix candle tunneling, as discussed above.